A Beginner’s Guide to Poker Strategy


Poker is a card game of betting and bluffing in which players form hands of five cards. The values of a hand are in inverse proportion to its frequency: the more rare a combination is, the more valuable it is. A player may win by betting that he has the best hand, forcing other players to call his bet and concede defeat. He may also bluff, in which case he makes a bet without holding any cards.

In the first betting round of a poker hand, each player puts in some chips and receives two cards face down. He then chooses to either call, raise or fold his hand. He must put in at least the amount that his opponent did to continue the betting. When he raises, he places his bet in front of the other players and increases the value of the pot. If he folds, he does not contribute any further to the pot and loses any money he had contributed to date.

Unlike many card games, which are played with a standard deck of cards, poker is almost always played with poker chips. Each chip has a specific value: the white chip, or lowest-valued, is worth one unit of the minimum ante; a red chip is usually worth twice that amount; and a blue chip is worth ten of those white chips. In addition to a supply of these chips, each player should know the meaning of the terms “call,” “raise” and “fold.”

The first step in learning poker strategy is to study some charts so that you understand how different hands rank against each other. For example, a straight beats a flush and three of a kind beats two pair. The cards in a hand also determine its rank, and so a high kicker will beat a low one.

As a beginner, it is also important to understand table position. This is because where you are sitting to the left of the dealer will often dictate how your hand plays. Beginners are often tempted to make bets early on in a hand, but doing so can actually hurt you if another player has a better hand than you.

A good way to start playing poker is to play in local tournaments and observe how the experienced players are behaving at a given time. You can then try your own style of play and learn from the experience of others. You can also play poker online, but be careful not to spend more than you can afford to lose. This is why starting at the lowest limits at first is recommended. This will allow you to practice without donating large sums of money to the higher-skilled players in your area. Eventually, you can work your way up to the higher stakes as your skill level increases.